哈佛校长2016毕业演讲: 谁来讲述你的故事?

来源:搜狐教育 2016-05-31 16:04:00

from:【新新家长】

去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

人们也许会说哈佛是天堂,充满了各种难以想象的机遇和好运——确实,我们每个人都有幸在她漫长而成功的历史中占有一席之地。但这也对我们提出了要求:我们有责任走出自己的舒适区,寻找属于我们的挑战,践行哈佛奋斗不息的精神。

在我准备今天演讲的时候,我想到了音乐剧《汉密尔顿》中最后那首歌里的问题:

“谁来讲述你的故事?”

我想这个问题奠定了你们过去四年大学生活的基调,也将对你们未来作为哈佛毕业生和校友的生活产生深远的影响,无论是作为公民或是领袖——

谁,来讲述你的故事?

是你,你要来讲述你的故事!

这就是今天我要对你们说的话:讲你自己的故事,一个充满了无限可能性和新秩序的崭新故事,这是每一代人的任务,也是现在摆在你面前的任务。你在哈佛所接受的文理博雅教育,将会用以下三种重要方式,帮助你去完成这项任务。

“听别人的建议,做你自己的决定”

讲述你的故事意味着发现你自己是谁——而不是成为别人认为你的谁。你要参考别人的意见,但要做出自己的决定。讲述一个别人定义好的或别人希望听到的故事,那太容易了。

哈佛的传奇人物之一、可敬的彼得·戈麦斯教授曾说:“不要让任何人替你把话说完。”

戈麦斯教授自己经常“自相矛盾”,令人难以捉摸,但永远忠于他自己:他是一位剑桥市的共和党人(注:在哈佛所在的剑桥市,共和党是少数派);他是一位浸礼会的牧师,但同时是个同性恋(注:基督教大多不支持同性恋);他是朝圣者协会的会长,同时又是一位黑人(注:朝圣者协会白人居多)。

他对自己的信仰坚定不移,他不为外人的期望牵挂束缚。他说:“我的不同寻常,让开启新的对话变为可能。”

“开启与他人的对话,倾听他人的故事”

开启新的对话,这是我的下一个重点。讲述我们自己的故事并不意味着只关注我们自己。讲故事是与他人对话,借此探寻更远大的目标、探索其他的世界、探究不同的思维方式——你所受的教育不是一个真空的大泡沫。

如果我们只讲述单一的故事,那将是危险的,就像诺大的场地只有一个逃生口,令所有人变得异常脆弱。单一的故事不一定是假的,但它是不完整的。所有的故事都很重要,不能把单一角度的故事变成唯一的故事。

过去四年,你们感受到了倾听他人故事的益处,也体验到了忽略他人故事所带来的危险。只有意识到,世界上充满了各种各样的故事,我们才能想象一个不一样的未来。21世纪的医疗是什么样?能源是什么样?移民是什么样?城市将如何设计?面对这些问题,你要问的不是“我会成为什么样的人”,而是

“我能解决什么问题”?

“在不安和不确定中,不断修正你的故事”

这也引出了最后一个重点:不断修正。每个故事其实都只是一个草稿,我们连最古老的传说都会不断拿来重提——不管是汉密尔顿将军的故事、美国独立战争的史诗、亦或是哈佛自己的历史。

好的教育之所以好,是因为它让你坐立不安,它强迫你不断重新认识我们自己和我们周遭的世界,并不断去改变。

斯蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格将在毕业典礼上为我们演讲,他就曾经这样解释他创作的基石:“恐惧是我的动力。当我濒临走投无路的时候,那也是我遇见最好的想法的时候。”

大学,不正是这样一个让每一个人都接受挑战、让每一个人都产生不确定性的地方吗?

就这样,大学四年间,你都一直在学习重新讲述你的故事:寻找你自己的声音,将自己放入一个故事中——无论是对气候变化采取反抗行动,发现你对统计学的热衷,还是发起了一项有意义的运动,你亲眼目睹故事不断被重新讲述。

“不要妥协,直奔你的目标”

这些年,我一直在告诉大家:

追随你所爱!

去从事你真正关心的事业吧,无论是物理还是神经科学,无论是金融还是电影制片。如果你想好了目的地,就直接往那里去吧。这就是我的“停车位理论”:不要因为觉得肯定没有停车位了,就把车停在距离目的地10个街区远的地方。直接去你想去的地方,如果车位已满,你总可以再绕回来。

所以在这里,我想祝贺你们,2016届的哈佛毕业生们。别忘了你们来自何处,不断改变你的故事,不断重写你的故事。我相信这项任务除了你们自己,谁也无法替你们完成!

注:本文摘译自哈佛校长德鲁·福斯特在2016年哈佛毕业典礼上的演讲

哈佛校长福斯特演讲英文原文:

校长欢送2016届毕业生

“WhoWillTellYourStory?”

May24,2016

Greetings,Classof2016.

Andsoitishere—theweekofyourCommencement.Thedaysofmiracleandwonderwhenyourthesesarewritten,classeshaveended,andyoustillhavefreeHBO.Andsoitmayseemstrangetobegatheredheretoday,aswepauseforthisancientandcuriouscustomcalledtheBaccalaureate—buthereweare,meinapulpitandyouinpews,dressedforasermoninwhichIamtoimpartthesoberwisdomofagetothesemi-soberimpatienceofyouth.Now,itisadauntingtask.EspeciallysinceoverthecourseoffouryearsIhavesucceededindisconcertingpeopleonallsidesofthemanyissuesthatyouwillsoonbediscussingwithparentsandgrandparentsoverdinner—soinadditiontoaspeech,forhandyreferenceI’vecreatedaPlacematforCommencement,filledwithusefulphrases.Suchas,“It’s‘finalclub,’withoutan‘s.’”

Now,Iamtrulyprivilegedtoday,foryouareanextraordinarygroup.Your80countriesoforigindonotbegintodescribeyou.

YoumayrememberthedaywhenweescapedtherainatyourFreshmanConvocation,andyouheardfrommeandaphalanxofeldersindarkrobes:Connect,wesaid,makeHarvardpartofyournarrative.Takerisks,wetoldyou.Don’talwayslistentous.

Andforfouryearsyouhavedistinguishedyourselveswithdazzlingvariety:InwhatmaybeHarvard’smostdivergentdozen,youproducedsixRhodesScholars,includingonewhobroketheworldrecordforstandingona“Swiss”exerciseball,plussixathletesinvitedtotheNationalFootballLeaguetoplayball,playerswhoseinterestsrangefromtheministrytocuringinfectiousdiseases.

Youweregoodatlongdistances:Youprobedtheatmosphereofanexoplanet;researchedantibioticuseonapigfarminDenmark;andyoucreatedapilotprogramthatcutshuttletimesfromtheQuadbyhalf.

Youexperiencedoldtraditions:Themumps.Aclasscolor,orange.Andthetime-honoredLampoontheftoftheCrimsonpresident’schair—thistimetransportingitacrossstatelinestoManhattan’sTrumpTower,forastagedphotoopwithathendark-horsepresidentialcandidate.

Youfoundyourway:oncampus,throughamazeofrenovationsandswinghousing;onstage,doingstand-upcomedyonNBC,dancinginBogota,andmountingBlackMagicattheLoeb;throughthehallsofbusinessandfinance,runninganintercollegiateinvestmentfund;andexposingaprivacyissuewithFacebook’sMessengerapp.

Youwon,withstyleandgrace:asyoucapturedthefirstnationaltrophyforHarvardMockTrial—bybeingfunnierthanYale;andthenyoushellackedtheBulldogsinTheGamefor—yes—the9thstraightyear;youproducedthefirstIvy“three-peats”infootballandwomen’strack;andbroughthomethefirstIvycrowninwomen’srugby—how“FierceandBeautiful”wasthat!

And,ofcourse,allthiswaspoweredbyHUDS,since2012,poweredwithceaselessservingsofswai.

Andyouwerejustplaingood:Youwroteprize-winningthesesonsealevelchange,awatercrisisinDetroit;youengineeredabetterbarbecuesmoker—andtesteditinablizzard;youjoinedthefighttoendmalaria;andearnedtheawardforbesthockeyplayerintheNCAAforstrengthofcharacteraswellasskill;youbecamewellconnected—toAlzheimer’spatients,tokidsinKenya,tohomelessyouth;and,astheinauguralclassofEdSchoolTeacherFellows,20ofyouarepreparingtohelphigh-needstudentsrise.

AndIunderstandyouevenrestedwithambition,asyoutriedto“Netflixandchill.”

Youmadeitalllookeasy—allwhilefacingblowstothespiritthathavetemperedandtestedyou.Youarrivedjustafterabreachofacademictrustthat,byyoursenioryear,producedthefirsthonorcodeinHarvard’shistory,eventsthatraisedhardquestionsforallofus:Whatissuccess?Whatisintegrity?Towhom,orwhat,areweaccountable?

WhenahurricanepromptedthefirstHarvardclosingin34years,youralliedwithgenerosityandgoodwill—anddidsoagainwhenweclosedforsnowstormNemo—thefifthlargestinBostonhistory.Andthatwasjustawarmup,sotospeak,fortheWinterofOurMisery—theworstinBostonhistory—whenyousleddedtheslopesofWidenerinakayak.

AndwhenthebombswentoffattheBostonMarathon,injustyoursecondsemester,weconsideredstilllargerquestions:Whoarewe?Whatmattersmost?Whatdoweowetooneanother?YoutoldmethatyoubecameBostoniansthatday,bondedtoacitybeyondHarvardSquare,andtoeachotherduringthemanhuntandlockdown,whentheUniversityclosedforanunprecedentedthirdtimein6months.

Whocanforgettheimages—ofthemayhem,ofthepeoplewhoran,notforsafety,buttowardthedanger,intothechaos?TheArmyveteran,whosmelledcordite,andexpectingmorebombs,savedacollegestudent’slife;themaninthecowboyhat,whorippedawayfencinginordertoreachthemostinjured.AndwhocanforgetthemomentwhenRedSoxfirstbasemanDavidOrtizstoodinthecenterofFenwayParkandsaidinelevenwordsoffellowshipanddefiancethattheFCCchosenottocensor,thoughIwilltoday—“thisisour[bleeping]cityandnobody[’s]gonnadictateourfreedom.”

AfewmonthsagoasIwasluckyenoughtobesittinginaBroadwaytheater,absorbingthefinalnumberofthemusicalHamilton,Ithoughtofyou,andthatfiercespiritofinclusionandself-determination.IwatchedasEliza,centerstage,sang,“Iputmyselfbackinthenarrative,”andaskedthequestioninthetitleofhersong,“WhoLives,WhoDies,WhoTellsYourStory?,”thespiritedsummationofaproductionthat,likeyou,hasbrokenrecords.Likeyou,hascreatedanewdramainsideaveryoldone.

Harvard,onemightsay,isabastionofopportunityandunimaginablegoodfortune—forallofus,whofindaplace,withvaryingdegreesofcomfort,atthecenterofitslongandsuccessfulnarrative.Andyettheburdenisonus—tolocatethediscomfort,toactontherestlessspiritofthatlegacy.AsIthoughtaboutspeakingtoyouheretoday,itoccurredtomehowmuchthequestioninthatfinalsonghasframedyourtimehere,andhowmuchitwillcontinuetoaffectyourlives,ascollegegraduates,asHarvardalumni,ascitizensandasleaders.Whowilltellyourstory?

You.Youwilltellyourstory.ThatisthepointthatIwanttoleaveyouwithtoday.Tellingyourownstory,afreshstory,fullofpossibilityandaneworderofthings,isthetaskofeverygeneration,andthetaskbeforeyou.Andthattaskisexactlywhatyourliberalartseducationhaspreparedyoutodo,inthreevitalways:

First,tellingyourownstorymeansdiscoveringwhoyouare,andnotwhatothersthinkyoushouldbe.Itmeansbeingmindfulofothers,butdecidingforyourself.It’seasytotellatalethatothersdefine,theonetheyexpecttohear.AmomentagoIsketchedyourHarvardhistory.ButwhatdidIleaveout?OneofHarvard’slegendaryfiguresandReverendWalton’spredecessor,theReverendPeterGomes,usedtoputitthisway:“Don’tletanyonefinishyoursentencesforyou.”Helovedbeingaparadox,anunpredictablesurprise,butalwaystruetohimself:aRepublicaninCambridge;agayBaptistpreacher;blackpresidentofthePilgrimSociety—Afro-Saxon,ashesometimesputit.Playful.Unapologetic.Unboundedbyothers’expectations.“Myanomalies,”heoncesaid,“makeitpossibletoadvancetheconversation.”

Advancetheconversation.Thisismynextpoint.Tellingourownstoriesisnotjustaboutus.Itisaconversationwithothers,exploringlargerpurposesandotherworldsanddifferentwaysofthinking.Youreducationisnotabubble.Thinkofitasanescapehatch,fromwhatNigeriannovelistandformerRadcliffeFellowChimamandaAdichiecalls“TheDangerofaSingleStory.”Shehasobserved,“[h]owimpressionableandvulnerableweareinthefaceofastory.”Notbecauseitmaybeuntrue,butbecause,inherwords,“[stories]areincomplete.Theymakeonestorybecometheonlystory,”eventhough“[m]anystoriesmatter.”Forfouryearsyouhavelearnedtherewardsofotherstories,andtheriskofcriticalmisunderstandingswhentheygounheard—whetherthosestoriesemergefromtheOfficeforLGBTQLife,ortheBlackLivesMattermovement,ortheinternationalconversationonsexualassault—andperhapsmostpowerfully,fromoneanother.Thisispreciousknowledge.Onlybyknowingthatotherstoriesarepossiblecanweimagineadifferentfuture.Whatwillmedicinelooklikeinthe21stcentury?Energy?Migration?Howwillcitiesbedesigned?Thequestion,asoneofyouwroteintheCrimson,isnot“Whatam[I]goingtobe,”but“Whatproblemdo[I]solve?”

Whichbringsmetomyfinalpoint:keeprevising.Everystoryisonlyadraft.Were-tellevenouroldestsagas—whetherofHamiltonandtheAmericanRevolutionorofHarvarditself.Thebesteducationpreparesyoubecauseitisunsettling,anobstaclecoursethatforcesustoquestionandpushandreinventourselves,andtheworld,inanewway.StevenSpielberg,whowillspeaktousonThursday,hasexplainedthefoundationofhispowerfulstorytelling.Hesays:“Fearismyfuel.Igettothebrinkofnotknowingwhattodoandthat’swhenIgetmybestideas.”

Whatisauniversitybutaplacewhereeveryoneshouldfeelequallysuretobeunsure?Ourbestdiscoveriescanstartoutasmistakes.AsHerbieHancocktoldus,hismentorjazzlegendMilesDavis,saidthereisnoplayinga“wrong”note,onlyasurprisingone,whosemeaningdependsonwhateveryouplaynext.

Intheevolvinguniverseofprofilesandhashtagsandselfies,itseemsnoaccidentthatyouaretheclassofSnapchat—aplatformthattookholdwhenyouwerefreshmenanddevelopedwithyou,fromshowing“snaps”totellingandsharing“stories”—storiesthatvanisheveryday,tobereplacedbynewstories,freeof“likes”or“followers.”Anappthat,inthewordsofafounder,“isn’taboutcapturing…what[’s]prettyorperfect…but…createsaspaceto…communicat[e]withthefullrangeofhumanemotion.”

Andsoforfouryearsyouhavebeenlearningtore-tellthings:findingyourvoices,puttingyourselfinanarrative,whetherthatwasdemandingactionagainstclimatechange,discoveringthatyoulovestatistics,orcreatingthepowerfulmessageof“I,Too,AmHarvard.”Youhaveseenthingsre-told.EvenHarvard’sstory.Lastmonthoneofmyheroes,CongressmanJohnLewis,cametoHarvardYardtounveilaplaqueonWadsworthHouse,documentingthepresenceoffourenslavedindividualswholivedinthehouseholdsoftwoHarvardpresidents.JohnLewissaid,“Wetrytoforgetbutthevoicesofgenerationshavebeencallingustoremember.”Titus,Venus,BilhahandJuba—theirliveschangeourstory.Afterthreecenturies,theyhaveavoice.They,too,areHarvard.

Tellinganewstoryisn’teasy.Itcantakecourage,andresolve.Itoftenmeansleavingthesafepathfortheunknown,compelled,asJohnLewisputit,to“disturbtheorderofthings.”Andduringyouryearshereyouhavelearnedtomake,asheurged,“goodtrouble,necessarytrouble.”

ForyearsIhavebeentellingstudents:Findwhatyoulove.Dowhatmatterstoyou.Itmightbephysicsorneuroscience,orfilmmakingorfinance.Butdon’tsettleforPlotB,thesafestory,theexpectedstory,untilyouhavetriedPlotA,evenifitmightrequireamiracle.IcallthistheParkingSpaceTheoryofLife.Don’tpark10blocksawayfromyourdestinationbecauseyouareafraidyouwon’tfindacloserspace.Don’tmissyourspot—Don’tthrowawayyourshot.Gotowhereyouthinkyouwanttobe.Youcanalwayscirclebacktowhereyouhavetobe.Thiscanrequirepatienceanddetermination.StevenSpielbergwas,infact,latetoclasshisfirstdayasastudentatCaliforniaStateUniversity,because,asheputit,“Ihadtoparksofaraway.”Hewentontosneakontomoviesets,nomatterhowmanytimeshegotthrownoff.

“Youshouldn'tdreamyourfilm,”hehassaid,“youshouldmakeit!”

PerhapsthisisthenewJurassicParkingSpaceTheoryofLife—don’tjusttellyourstory,liveit.Yourfutureisnota.It’sanattitude,awayofbeingthatcancreateanewnarrativenoonemayhavethoughtpossible,letaloneprobable:

JeremyLin—Harvardgraduate,Asian-American—changedthenarrativeofprofessionalbasketball,stillsizzlingwith“Linsanity”whenyouarrivedasfreshmen.

ThinkaboutStephenHawking,whospoketouslastmonththroughaspeechsynthesizer.Hechangedthenarrativeoftheuniverse,astoryaboutwhatultimatelywillbecomeofallourstories—onehehasbeenrevisingsincehewasyourage,whenhewasgiventhreeyearstolive.

Andyouarealreadychangingthestory:

ThinkoftheastrophysicsandmythologyconcentratorwhostartedamentorshipprogramforwomenofcolortochangethenarrativeofwhoentersSTEMfields,andshewroteasciencefictionnoveltotellanewresearch-basedstoryaboutthegalaxy.

OrthinkoftheSecondLieutenant—oneof12newHarvardofficers—whowillservehercountryintheU.S.Marines,battlingnotonlytheenemy,butpersistentgenderdivides.“Howwillthatchange,”shesays,“unlesswestartnow?”

Andthinkaboutthepre-medstudentwhofoundhimselfliterallyrunningawayfromcampus,fleeinginmisery,untilhesuddenlystoppedinhistracksandturnedback,becauseherememberedheneededtobeatatheaterrehearsalwherehehadstagemanagingresponsibilities.Some20productionslater,hehasatheaterdirectingfellowshipfornextyear,andevenhisparents,asheputsit,nowbelieve“thatIamanartist.”

Valuetheballastofcustom,thefoundationsofknowledge,theweightofexpectation.They,too,areimportant.Butdon’tbeafraidtodefythem.

Anddon’tworry,asyoufeelthetugofthesefinaldaystogether.IamheretotellyouthatyourHarvardstoryisneverdone.In1978,twofreshmenwatchedascreeningofthemovieLoveStoryintheScienceCenter.Threedecadeslater,theymetforthefirsttime.AndtheirweddingstoryappearedlastmonthinTheNewYorkTimes.

So,congratulations,Classof2016.Don’tforgetfromwhenceyoucame.Changethenarrative.Rewritethestory.ThereisnooneIwouldrathertrustwiththattask.

Gowell,2016.

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