2017考研:巧用词汇替换破解考研英语阅读细节题

来源:搜狐教育 2016-03-31 09:15:00

考研英语阅读理解的一个重要考察题型是细节题,这类题目我们可以根据题干中的关键词回到原文进行定位,选择与原文意思比较接近的并且符合题目要求的选项。对于这类题目来说,正确选项一般是对原文内容的同义替换。而这主要是通过词汇的变换来实现的,包括1.原词重现;2.同近义词替换;3.反义词替换;4.上下义词替换。下面文都老师以2014年考研英语阅读真题的第二篇文章为例来看一下如何利用词汇技法来解答阅读中的细节题。

26.alotofstudentstakeuplawastheirprofessiondueto

[A]thegrowingdemandfromclients.

[B]theincreasingpressureofinflation.

[C]theprospectofworkinginbigfirms.

[D]theattractionoffinancialrewards.

该题询问学生选择法律作为自己专业的缘由,定位到第二自然段第二句话:Thebestlawyersmadeskyscrapers-fullofmoney,temptingevermorestudentstopileintolawschools.Skyscrapers-fullofmoney即是financialrewards的具体内容。Attraction是tempting的同义替换,故正确答案是D。

27.WhichofthefollowingaddstothecostsoflegaleducationinmostAmericanstates?

[A]Highertuitionfeesforundergraduatestudies.

[B]Admissionsapprovalfromthebarassociation.

[C]Pursuingabachelor’sdegreeinanothermajor.

[D]Receivingtrainingbyprofessionalassociations.

该题询问是什么因素增加了美国大多数州的法律教育费用,定位到与教育花销有关的第三自然段:ThereisjustonepathforalawyerinmostAmericanstates:afour-yearundergraduatedegreeinsomeunrelatedsubject,thenathree-yearlawdegreeatoneof200lawschoolsauthorizedbytheAmericanBarAssociationandanexpensivepreparationforthebarexam.Thisleavestoday’saveragelaw-schoolgraduatewith$100,000ofdebtontopofundergraduatedebts.abachelor’sdegreeinanothermajor是undergraduatedegreeinsomeunrelatedsubject的同义替换,bachelor’sdegree是undergraduatedegree的另一种表述方式,anothermajor是unrelatedsubject的同义表述。

28.Hindrancetothereformofthelegalsystemoriginatesfrom

[A]lawyers’andclients’strongresistance.

[B]therigidbodiesgoverningtheprofession.

[C]thestemexamforwould-belawyers.

[D]non-professionals’sharpcriticism.

该题询问司法体系改革的阻力的来源,可以定位到第五段第一句和最后一句:Theotherreasonwhycostsaresohighistherestrictiveguild-likeownershipstructureofthebusiness.Thereispressureforchangefromwithintheprofession,butopponentsofchangeamongtheregulatorsinsistthatkeepingoutsidersoutofalawfirmisolateslawyersfromthepressuretomakemoneyratherthanserveclientsethically.opponentsofchangeamongtheregulators,反对改革的人来自监管人员中。regulators即是therestrictiveguild-likeownershipstructure的维护者,是选项中的bodiesgoverningtheprofession,rigid是restrictive的近义词。故选项是B。

通过考研阅读真题的分析,大家可以很容易看出,细节题的正确选项往往是对文章中某些关键信息的同义改写,形式看似不同,但是所表达的意思是完全一致的。如果大家想了解更多关于考研英语阅读的方法和技巧,可以登录文都考研频道查看更多考研信息。

点击查看原文

相关链接